Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Russian Dwarf Hamster

Russian Dwarf Hamster is probably the most widely-known race in the whole hamster universe.

I mean, cats and dogs may be a good pet, but Dwarf hamsters are in another level.

They are inexpensive yet relatively easy to tame and take care of.

If a ‘Super Pet’ exists, I’d like to reward the title to those small rodents for their social nature and how much convenience they provide us. (When it should be the other way around!)

Believe it or not, hamster owners are those people who don’t have to worry about their pets. They are probably the best small pet alive!

Ain’t convinced yet?

Well, this Russian Dwarf Hamster guide will help you learn everything you ever wanted to know about this species, including some juicy tips on Dwarf Hamster care.

We’ll help solve your curiosity about why this specific breed make great pets.

The best part is yet to come!

The Russian’s history of a dwarf hamster

Our great grandfather said;

Russian Dwarf Hamsters are differentiated into two smaller families, Winter White Dwarf Hamsters and the Campbell’s Dwarf Hamsters.

(These hamster names may sound peculiar for you at first, but you’ll get used to it real soon. Trust me!)

Both type are frequently confounded with each other due to their similar appearances. However, if you plan to get them from pet stores, you’ll most likely to be greeted with Hybrid Dwarf Hamsters instead.

On the other side, hamster breeding becomes generally famous all over the world and has resulted in over a million of attractively colored hamsters. These cuties are called “fancy hamster.”

Russian Dwarf’s Lifespan

In average, this breed normally lives for 1 to 3 years.

Though, that doesn’t lessen the probability of some Dwarf Hamsters having longer life period than others.

For instance, Chinese Dwarf Hamsters could live up to three years at most, while Roborovski tend to survive for two years at maximum.

Of course, with proper care and diet, you can ensure your Hamsters live their best life.

This breed normally have a gestation period of 18 - 25 days – which is actually pretty fast for any pet. They usually start breeding after 4-6 months of age.

Where does these little fluffs origin from?

They’ve come a long way from Central Asia. (You can still meet them in other regions, though.)

In the wild, Campbells can be found in Russia and China.

While Dwarf Winter Whites’ habitat in nature is covered with snow during winter. For that reason, they tend to camouflage themselves.

How does a Russian Dwarf Hamster look like?

This breed can be easily distinguished among other rodents due to their unique physical appearance. They have short tails, small ears, and stubby legs.

With aspect to its size, Dwarf Hamsters lives up to its name by being the smallest sized hamster!

They literally grow to around 5.5 to 10 cm long only.

When it comes to colors, they’ve got several variations. For example, normal Roborovski hamster can be identified by its white belly and nose, with tan colored body.

On the other hand, Winter White Hamsters are usually gray in color with black dorsal stripes along their back. The fact that they have white fur on their belly can actually be the cutest thing about them!

Lastly, Campbells Russian Dwarf are the easiest to differentiate because they’re just black in color. When they age though, their fur gets silver.

How your Winter White should normally behave

Dwarf Winter Whites

Dwarf Winter Whites can be a little noisier and more active compared to other type of dwarf hamster species. Their behavior often include squeaking at each other. 

Don’t worry though, it is just their way of communication.

For owners who have a hard time sleeping at night, Winter Whites may be able to accompany you through those sleepless evenings.

They are born nocturnal and will play with their exercise wheel all night.

In case if you don’t know, this behavior was developed in the wild to avoid active predators during the day.

Unlike Syrian Hamsters, Dwarf Winter Whites are sociable fellas.

But even as friendly as they are, do you know that every hamster can bite without proper introduction and training?

Whoops. Sounds scary, huh?

Here’s why:

If they’re introduced to other companion at a young age, they’ll have no problem sharing the same cage. But if not, you know what’s going to happen next.

At the end of the day, a key to tame Russian Dwarf hamster is patience.

Over time, your tiny pet won’t be scared of you and everything will be worth it.

Note that Male Winter Whites are less prone to territorial aggression and violence compared to females.

Why is your Djungarian fighting

Winter White Russian, or sometimes known as Djungarian Hamster or Siberian Hamster is one of the most excellent Hamster pet you can get.

However, no animal is perfect by nature.

There are always stuffs to fix.

First, Dwarf Hamsters are typically active so don’t be surprised with their outburst of energy during the day.

They also groom themselves often by scratching and itching. Say goodbye to expensive grooming supplies!

Despite normal behaviors mentioned above, there are also behavior problems that are harmful for both sides; you and the hamster itself.

djungarian fightingIf your hamster start to grind their teeth that sounds similar to a tapping nose, it indicates that your hamster is upset and may lead to a fight between inmates.

Even the species with the most sociable personality may get vicious and attack when triggered.

This is why introducing your pet companions to each other at young age is important – to prevent them from fighting.

You never want to underestimate Dwarf Hamster bites just because they are tiny.

If in any case your Djungarian gets aggressive, it’s better to leave them alone to calm themselves instead of approaching them. They might even attack you and your children if approached carelessly.

Remember, when they bite and squeak, it is a sign that they are scared.

The small furry pet’s diet

Is feeding your Dwarf Hamster dry foods such as seed mix the best way to maintain their diet?

The answers is:

A big no.


It is because hamsters too require other nutrients such as protein, grains, vegetable, fruits that add additional vitamins to maintain their diet and happiness.

In some instance, your hamster may choose not to eat the mixed seeds provided resulting in an unbalanced diet.

What you can do to make sure they grow as healthy hamsters is to provide them with the right meal and diet.

Tips on maintaining the right Russian Dwarf Hamster diet:

  1. Add veggies to their diet

russian dwarf hamster vegetableFeeding your Russian Dwarf veggies might be more important than what you can imagine.

Wash the veggies thoroughly before feeding them and remove the old ones to make sure they don’t molder inside the cage.

Remember, fresh foods are the healthiest!

Take your time with just one piece of vegetable once or twice a week to prevent them from getting diarrhea.

  1. Protein is a must for the little pet

protein little pet

This plays an important role in your hamster’s growth and balanced diet.

Egg whites, tuna, are some sources of proteins you can get for the pet.

Feed them one small piece per week slowly.


  1. Feed your Russian Dwarf proper Hamster food

While they kinda eat various kinds of foods, there are also limitations to it.

Hamster treats is one of the example where it should not be consumed overly. It’s because these are fattening and will harm your hamster’s health if consumed too often.

These balls of fluffs are also prone to diabetes. Thus, foods like white rice and bread should be avoided at all times.

Frozen foods are also a no no.

Well, your hamster normally won’t consume them until they have thawed out.

Hence, nothing much to worry about.

However, wild bird foods are safe to consume.

Choosing the right toys

Dwarf Hamsters are active creatures.

This is why they require exercises and improvement to keep them carefree and fit. Not only that, it also helps improve their mental instinct and alert.

One important point to keep an eye on:

Overgrown teeth.

Fyi, hamster’s teeth can be bad if left uncared for.

hamster exercise wheel

For this reason, Hamsters need a supply of toys for them to gnaw to keep their teeth flawless and trim. The most ideal toy for this are wood chew toys.  Another must-have toy for any hamster species be it Dwarf Hamsters or Syrian Hamsters is the hamster exercise wheel. Make sure you get the smaller wheel to suit Dwarf Hamster’s tiny size.

Hamster balls are also a good toy to ensure your hamster get enough exercise outside the cage. Hamsters housed 24/7 may feel stuffy after all.

You can easily find the suitable hamster toys on online shop. Simply choose, put them on your shopping cart, and done!

Some toys, you can even make your very own.

Perfect Housing for the Little Friend

dwarf hamster house

While some time away from the cage is appreciated, it is vital for the hamsters to have a comfortable and clean cage.

Make sure you choose a cage that’s sturdy and is easy to clean. The bars shouldn’t be too small and the flooring should be as smooth as possible to prevent any unwanted accidents.

Next thing is cage bedding.          

Bedding helps cage to maintain cleanliness of the cage by soaking the hamster’s urine. It also helps them feel more at ease.

The Dwarf Hamster cage should not be too empty either. You should add some habitat accessories such as litter box, toys, hamster wheel, etc. This is to keep your hamster from getting unproductive and bored.

Oh, don’t forget water bottles too. Hamsters do not have strong suction skills so choose the right bottle for them.

If you’re really fond of raising hamsters and would like to raise multiple hamsters in just one cage—no problem.

Like mentioned before, Russian Dwarf Hamsters are capable of living together with other companions in one cage. They just need early introduction and some cage accessories to keep them playful and happy.